Buying a gun in the state of Mississippi isn’t as hard as other states, but if you choose to travel with your firearm or move to another state, you may not have the same rights. For this reason, it’s crucial to understand how Mississippi gun laws change when you cross state borders.
How Key Gun Laws Differ Between Mississippi and Other States
As of writing, Mississippi is one of 14 concealed carry states that don’t require a permit or come with restrictions.
Here are some other things that make Mississippi state gun laws different.
1. Mississippi Doesn’t Require a State Permit, but Other States Do
Mississippi is a “shall issue” state for citizens and lawful permanent residents who are 21 or older. However, some concealed and open carry options require a permit. You can’t carry your gun without a holster or sheath in this state without an enhanced concealed carry permit.
If you lived in New Jersey, you’d have to hire an attorney who specializes in criminal defense if you were openly carrying or concealing a handgun without a permit or concealing a long gun.
2. Mississippi Doesn’t Restrict Any NFA Weapons
There are no NFA weapons restricted in Mississippi. In Delaware, SBRs and AOWs are illegal, Florida has banned destructive devices and bump stocks, and Hawaii won’t allow machine guns, short barreled rifles, short barreled shotguns, silencers, destructive devices, and AOWs. An LLC formation in Delaware specializing in firearms might require a license to deal in NFA weapons, which are regulated by the National Firearms Act.
3. Mississippi Has Stand Your Ground Laws, but Other States Don’t
Stand your ground laws are found in 38 states, including Mississippi. 30 states (including Mississippi) use the phrase “that there is no duty to retreat from an attacker in any place in which one is lawfully present” to provide justification for the stand your ground statute.
The remaining 8 states (i.e., California) have case law/precedent or jury instructions for stand your ground cases. The other 11 states impose a duty to retreat if they can do so safely.
4. Mississippi Allows Citizens to Possess a Machine Gun
Under Mississippi law, citizens are allowed to possess a machine gun if it’s registered and compliant with federal law. States like Iowa and Massachusetts won’t let you own a machine gun under any circumstances. Many states have completely banned semi automatic weapons.
5. Mississippi Doesn’t Require Background Checks for Private Sales
Mississippi doesn’t require a background check for private sales, but a public seller can’t sell a gun to a felon or domestic abuser. There are also no waiting periods for checks. Several states require private background checks for all guns (i.e., Illinois) or handguns (i.e., Pennsylvania).
Some states have more stringent background checks that won’t allow most people with a criminal record to possess a gun. Waiting periods for some states range from 3 to 14 days.
6. Mississippi Does Have Peaceable Journey Laws
Citizens in Mississippi are protected by peaceable journey laws, which allows a gun owner to travel through states where they don’t have a license to carry. States like Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Tennessee, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina do not practice this law.
7. Mississippi, Like Most States, Has State Preemption and Local Restrictions
Most states have state preemption of local restrictions pertaining to gun laws. In Mississippi, no county or municipality can restrict the carry, possession, ownership, or transfer of firearms. At the same time, local governments can regulate discharge and carrying laws in some instances.
States like Massachusetts, Nebraska, New Jersey, and New York have limited state preemption of local restrictions and thus default to federal laws. Colorado has partial local ordinances.